DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP LANSIA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS SUNGAI ULIN BANJARBARU

Muhlisoh Muhlisoh, Adenan Adenan, Herawati Herawati

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Dukungan keluarga merupakan sumber dukungan yang penting bagi lansia, keluarga berperan sebagai tempat penyelesaian masalah, dan penyedia informasi yang membuat seseorang mendapatkan kepuasan terhadap keperluan sosialnya ketika berinteraksi dengan keluarga. Kualitas hidup merupakan pendekatan yang holistik tidak hanya menekankan pada fungsi fisik, psikologi dan spiritual seseorang tetapi juga hubungan seseorang tersebut dengan keluarga, lingkungan, kesempatan untuk memelihara dan meningkatkan kemampuan yang ada. Tujuan pada penelitian ini  adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan dukungan keluarga dengan kualitas hidup lansia. Data didapatkan dengan  menggunakan kuesioner WHOQOL-OLD (World Health Organization Quality of Life for Older Adults) dan Dukungan Keluarga. Penelitian bertempat di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sungai Ulin Banjarbaru pada bulan Juni-Agustus dengan total sampel 76 responden  dengan pengambilan sampel  menggunakan tehnik purposive sampling. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan observasional analitik dengan metode cross sectional, kemudian data dianalisa dengan uji statistik korelasi Korelasi Gamma dan Somers’d. Pada penelitian ini didapatkan hasil nilai p = 0,015 (p<0.05). Kesimpulan pada penelitian ini adalah terdapat hubungan dukungan keluarga dengan kualitas hidup lansia di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sungai Ulin Banjarbaru.

Kata-kata kunci: dukungan keluarga, kualitas hidup, lansia

 

ABSTRACT 

Family support is an important support system for elderly, the role of family as a problem-solvers and information providers that make a person get satisfaction when interact with the social needs of the family. Quality of life is a holistic approach that not only emphasize on physical, psychological and spiritual functions but also the relationship with family, environment, and opportunity to maintain and enhance existing capabilities. The purpose in this study to determine the relationship family support with the quality of life in elderly and their family at work area Sungai Ulin Banjarbaru health center. Data collected by WHOQOL-OLD (World Health Organization Quality of Life for Older Adults)) and Family Support questioner. Design used in this study is observational analytic and cross sectional method. There were 76  elderly people at June-August collected as samples and were taken using purposive sampling and statistic used for data is Correlation gamma and somers’d. The result of this study indicated there is a significant relationship to the quality of life in elderly with family support with p value = 0,015 (p<0,05). It can be concluded that there was a relationship family support with quality of life in elderly at work area Sungai Ulin Banjarbaru health center.

 

Keywords: elderly, family support, quality of life 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Shoaib M, Sarfraz K, Mohsin HK. Family support and health status of elderly people: a case study of district gujrat, pakistan. Middle-East Journal Of Scientific Research 2011; 10(4): 519-525.

Farzianpour F, Shayan H, Maryam R, et al. Quality of the elderly residents. American Journal of Aplied Science 2012; 9 (1): 71-74.

Sharma J and Ravi S. Differential stress and subjective well-being as determinants of quality of life among aged. Indian Journal of Gerontology 2009; 23(2): 183-192.

Mubarak WI, Bambang AS, Khoirul R, et al. Ilmu keperawatan komunitas 2 teori dan aplikasi dalam praktik. Jakarta: Sagung Seto, 2006.

Arpact F. A study into the quality of life the elderly living at the rest homes in turkey. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences 2008; 5 (1): 76-81.

Mustofa A, Wahyu W. pengaruh latihan kegel terhadap frekuensi inkontinensia urine pada lansia werda pucang gading semarang. Jurnal keperawatan 2009; 2 (2): 42-48.

Maryam SR, Mia FE, Rosidawati, et al. Mengenal usia lanjut dan perawatannya. Jakarta: Salemba Medika, 2008.

Petunjuk Teknis Pengajuan dan Pengelolaan Bantuan Penyelenggaraan Kecakapan dan Pengasuhan Lansia. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional, 2011.

Komjakraphan P, Sang AI, Umaporn B, et al. Development of the thai family support scale for elderly parents (TFS-EP). Thai J Nurs Res 2009; 13(2): 118 – 132.

Eser E, Sultan E, Beyhan Co, et al. Perception of quality of life by a sample of turkish older adults: whoqol-old project turkish focus group results. Turkish Journal Of Geriatrics 2005; 8(4): 169-183.

Thompoulou I, Dimitra T, Dimitra K. The different at quality of life and loneliness between elderly people. Biology Of Exercise 2010; 6(2): 13-28.

Fajamilehin B.R. and Odebiyi A. I. Predictors of elderly persons’ quality of life and health practices in nigeria. Journal of Sociology and Anthropology 2011; 3:(7): 245-252.

Chang Ys, Shiow Cl, Ming Cc, et al. Quality of life in elderly with depressive disorder. taiwan geriatr Gerontol 2006; 2(1): 21-31.

Making MI, Khudazi A, Sri W. gambaran kualitas hidup penderita kusta di kabupaten lembata. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan 2008; 03(03): 159-163.

Naing MM, Sutham N, Chokchai M. Quality of life of elderly people in einime township irrawaddy division, myanmar. Asta Journal of Public Health 2010; 1 (2): 4-10.

Laporan Hasil Kegiatan Kesehatan di Kelompok Usila dan Puskesmas Kota Banjarbaru Bulan Januari-Desember 2011. Banjarbaru: Dinas Kesehatan Kota Banjarbaru, 2011.

Sowmiya KR and Nagarani. A study on quality of life of elderly population in mettupalayam, a rural area of tamalindu. Nat.J.Res.Com.Med 2012; 1(3): 123-177

Nursalam. Konsep dan penerapan metodelogi penelitian ilmu keperawatan: pedoman skripsi, tesis, dan instrumen penelitian. Jakarta: Salemba Medika, 2003.

Laubunjong C, Nawarat P, Siriwan G, et al. The pattern of caregiving to the elderly bay their families in rural communities of suratthani province. ABAC Journal 2008; 28(2): 64-74.

Wulansari D. Hubungan dukungan keluarga dengan tingkat depresi pada lansia di karang lansia kakak tua Banjarmasin. Banjarbaru: FK. UNLAM, 2011.

Friedman MM, Vicky RB, Elaine GJ. Family nursing research, theory & practice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2003.

Srimuang P, Frits VG, Kua W. Improvement of the quality of life of the elderly trhough individual empowerment, family care and community support: the case of phra nakhon si Ayutthaya province, Thailand. Journal of population and sosial studies 2006; 14(2): 133-152.

Okumagba PO. Family support for the elderly in delta state of Nigeria. Stud Home Comm Sci 2011; 5(1): 21-27

Schwarz B, Isabelle A, Gisele T, et al. Integrational support and life satisfication: a comparison of Chinese, Indonesian, ang german elderly mothers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 2010; 41 (5-6): 706-722.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/dk.v1i1.1658

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1063 times
PDF - 962 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by :

  

   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

freehit counter

View Dunia Keperawatan Stats