HUBUNGAN RIWAYAT PENYAKIT SISTLMIK DENGAN LAMA PERAWATAN PASIEN GAGAL JANTUNG DI BLUD ULIN BANJARMASIN

Karina Danisha Indri Karno, Nelly Al-Audhah, Abdurrahman Wahid

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Gagal jantung adalah suatu keadaan ketika jantung tidak mampu memompa darah ke seluruh tubuh. Salah satu faktor resiko dari gagal jantung adalah riwayat penyakit, dan salah satunya riwayat penyakit sistemik. Faktor ini termasuk kedalam tingkat keparahan yang termasuk dalam faktor yang mempengaruhi lama perawatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan riwayat penyakit sistemik dengan lama perawatan pasien gagal jantung di BLUD Ulin Banjarmasin. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Jumlah sampel pada penelitian ini berjumlah 53 orang. Pengambilan data ini dilakukan menggunakan kuesioner dan wawancara kepada responden selama 3 bulan. Menggunakan analisis dengan chi-square menunjukan bahwa p Value = 0,010 (p < 0,05) dengan OR (odd ratio) bahwa pasien gagal jantung dengan riwayat penyakit sistemik memiliki resiko 5,778 kali lebih beresiko dengan lama perawatan lebih lama daripada yang tidak memiliki riwayat penyakit sistemik. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah terdapat hubungan antara riwayat riwayat penyakit dengan lama perawatan pasien gagal jantung di BLUD Ulin Banjarmasin.

Kata-kata kunci : gagal jantung, riwayat penyakit sistemik, lama perawatan

ABSTRACT

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood throughout the body. One of the risk factors of heart failure is a disease history, and one of them is a history of systemic disease, which is included in the factors that influence the severity of the Jåctors affecting the length of stay. This study aimed to determine the the relation between sistemic disease history and length of stay on patients with heart failure at BLUD ulin banjarmasin. This study used observational analysis and cross - sectional approach. This reasearch used 53 sample. The data was compiled through questionnaires and interviews to respondents for 3 months, The result of chi - square analysis showed that p Value = 0.010 (p < 0,05) with OR (odds ratio) which meant that heart failure patients with a systemic disease history had a risk 5,778 times to stay longer than those without a systemic disease history. The conclusion of this research that the relation between sistemic disease history and length of stay on patients with heart failure at BLUD ulin banjarmasin

Keyword : heart failure, systemic disease history, length of stay.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/dk.v2i2.3101

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