Penggunaan Maternal Emergency Screening (MES) sebagai Upaya Deteksi Dini pada Kegawatdaruratan Kehamilan

Fitri Ayatul Azlina

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Angka Kematian Ibu (AKI) di Indonesia masih tinggi. Berbagai program yang telah dilakukan pemerintah berupaya untuk menurunkan AKI baik secara promotif maupun preventif selama kehamilan dan menjelang persalinan. Perawat berperan penting dalam upaya meminimalkan serta menurunkan AKI melalui berbagai metode salah satunya dengan pemanfaatan teknologi informasi. Tidak hanya perawat, ibu hamil harus berperan aktif dalam menemukan gejala dan faktor resiko selama kehamilan. Maternal Emergency Screening (MES) merupakan sebuah rencana rancangan teknologi informasi menggunakan sistem pakar yang dapat mempermudah ibu hamil dalam mengidentifikasi secara dini faktor resiko dalam kegawatdaruratan kehamilan serta mampu mengambil keputusan layaknya seorang pakar. Metode yang digunakan adalah literature review melalui pencarian berbagai refernsi yang berkaitan dengan topik yang diinginkan. Penggunaan Maternal Emergency Screening (MES) diharapkan memberikan peluang sebagai sistem skrining dini dalam menemukan resiko kegawadaruratan kehamilan serta membantu perawat untuk melakukan tindakan perawatan secara tepat dalam rangka menurunkan AKI.

Kata-kata kunci : Maternal Emergency Screening (MES), sistem pakar, skrining.

ABSTRACT
Maternal mortality rate (MMR) in Indonesia is still high. Various programs that have been done by the government try to decrease the AKI both promotively and preventively during pregnancy and before childbirth. Nurses play an important role in efforts to minimize and reduce MMR through various methods one of them with the utilization of information technology. Not only nurses, pregnant women should play an active role in finding symptoms and risk factors during pregnancy. Maternal Emergency Screening (MES) is an information technology design using expert systems that can facilitate pregnant women in identifying early risk factors in emergency emergency and able to make decisions like an expert. The use of Maternal Emergency Screening (MES) provides an opportunity as an early screening system in finding risks of emergency pregnancy and helps nurses to take appropriate care measures in order to reduce MMR.

Keywords : Maternal Emergency Screening (MES), expert system, screening.

 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/dk.v6i1.5083

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