PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN STUDENT CENTERED LEARNING (SCL) DI FAKULTAS KEPERAWATAN UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Ridlo Cahya Ilhami, Retno Purwandari, Alfid Tri Afandi

Abstract


Proses belajar di perguruan tinggi harus diselenggarakan dengan prinsip berpusat kepada mahasiswa (Student Centered Learning). Penerapan Student Centered Learning (SCL) memiliki beberapa komponen yang bisa berpengaruh dalam penerapan SCL. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi gambaran penerapan model pembelajaran SCL di Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Jember. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain deskriptif eksploratif dengan teknik purposive sampling pada 26 dosen dan teknik stratified sampling pada 260 mahasiswa. Hasil menunjukkan penerapan SCL pada mahasiswa mencapai 80,19% (dari nilai maksimal 36) dan penerapan SCL pada dosen mencapai 81,7% (dari nilai maksimal 33). Hal ini memperlihatkan penerapan SCL dari segi mahasiswa dan dosen memiliki persentase ketercapaian yang baik. Terdapat tujuh indikator yang diteliti pada mahasiswa dan empat indikator pada dosen. Nilai terendah pada mahasiswa yaitu bahan ajar (71%) dan nilai terendah pada dosen yaitu kondisi kelas (68,4%). Fasilitas yang kurang maksimal bisa berdampak terganggunya proses belajar menggunakan SCL sehingga mahasiswa dan  dosen tidak memperoleh hasil yang maksimal.

Keywords


Dosen; Mahasiswa; Student Centered Learning

References


Satya VE. Strategis strategi indonesia menghadapi industri 4.0. Kajian Singkat Terhadap Isu Aktual Dan Strategis. 2018; X(9):19–24.

Hussin AA. Education 4.0 made simple: ideas for teaching. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies. 2018;6(3):92.

Faridi A, Bahri S, dan Nurmasitah S. The problems of applying student centered syllabus of english in vocational high schools in kendal regency. English Language Teaching. 2016;9(8):231–240.

Gönc V, Lorber M, dan Nerat J. Experience of problem‐based learning for raising quality of nursing study. Teaching and Learning in Nursing. 2017

Aksit F, Niemi H, dan Nevgi A. Why is active learning so difficult to implement: the turkish case. Australian Journal of Teacher Education. 2016;41(4):94–109.

Marinda AB. Hubungan Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Student Centered Learning (SCL) Dengan Motivasi Mahasiswa Keperawaatan Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Jember [skripsi]. Jember: Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Jember;2017.

Kurniawan MA, Miftahillah A, dan Nasihah NM. Pembelajaran berbasis student-centered learning di perguruan tinggi: suatu tinjauan di UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta. Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan. 2018;21(1):1-11.

Kurdi FN. Penerapan student-centered learning dari teacher-centered learning mata ajar ilmu kesehatan pada program studi penjaskes. Forum Kependidikan. 2009;28(2):108-113.

Krishnan S. Student-centered learning in a first year undergraduate course. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research. 2015;11(2):88–95.

Ommar N. Perception of first and second year medical students on problem-based learning in universiti malaysia sarawak. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2011;14(11):1628–1634.

Ramadhani HS. Efektivitas metode pembelajaran scl (student centered learning) dan tcl (teacher centered learning) pada motivasi instrinsik & ekstrinsik mahasiswa psikologi untag surabaya angkatan tahun 2014 – 2015. Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia. 2017;6(2):66–74.

Baeten M, Kyndt E, Struyven K, dan Dochy F. Using student-centred learning environments to stimulate deep approaches to learning: factors encouraging or discouraging their effectiveness. Educational Research Review. 2010;5(3):243–260.

Ghasemi MR, Moonaghi HK, dan Heydari A. Student-related factors affecting academic engagement: a qualitative study exploring the experiences of iranian undergraduate nursing students. Electronic Physician. 2018;10(7):7078–7085.

Al-Naggar RA dan Bobryshev YV. Acceptance of problem based learning among medical students. Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education. 2012;2(7):2–5.

Handayani I, Birawa ABP, dan Lestari BW. Penerapan strategi pembelajaran student centered learning dan persepsi lingkungan belajar mahasiswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Kesehatan. 2015;4(2):77–82.

Wun, YT, Tse E, Lam TP, dan Lam C. Pbl curriculum improves medical students’ participation in small-group tutorials. Medical Teacher. 2007;29(6):198–203.

Brush T dan Saye J. Implementation and evaluation of a student-centered learning unit: a case study. Educational Technology Research and Development. 2000;48(3):79–100.

Lemos, AR, Sandars JE, Alves P, dan Costa MJ. The evaluation of student-centredness of teaching and learning: a new mixed-methods approach. International Journal of Medical Education. 2014;5:157–164.

Weimer M. Learner-Centered Teaching: Five Key Changes to Practice. Edisi 1. San Fransisco: Jossey Bass; 2002

Barman, Jaafar AR, dan Ismail NM. Problem-based learning as perceived by dental. Malaysian Journal of Medical Science. 2006;13(1):63–67.

Harpe SE dan Phipps LB. Evaluating student perceptions of a learner-centered drug literature evaluation course. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2008;72(6)

Secondira V, Rahayu GR, dan Suhoyo Y. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi mahasiswa fakultas kedokteran universitas gadjah mada untuk melaksanakan pembelajaran yang konstruktif, mandiri, kolaboratif dan kontekstual dalam problem-based learning. Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Dan Profesi Kesehatan Indonesia. 2009;4(1):32–44.

Wahyuningsih IS dan Santoso A. Pengalaman mahasiswa s1 keperawatan dalam metode pembelajaran problem based learning. Konferensi Nasional PPNI Jawa Tengah 2013. 2013:95–100.

Tekle G dan Fesshaye H. Investigating the challenges of student centered learning in higher education institutions in eritrea. African Research Journal of Education and Social Sciences. 2017;4(3):19–31.

Johanes. Peran dosen pada pembelajaran student centered learning. Forum Ilmiah.2008;15(1):133–138.

Housen D. Effective classroom management in student-centered classrooms. Education Masters. 2013;4:1–46.

Osman SZM, Jamaludin R, dan Iranmanesh M. Student centered learning at usm : what lecturer and students think of this new approach ? Journal of Education and Practice. 2015;6(19):264–278.

Altena S. Barriers to implementing student-centered learning [thesis]. Brisbane: Queensland University of Technology;2018.

Borda EJ, Boudreaux A, Fackler-Adams B et al. Adapting a student-centered chemistry curriculum to a large-enrollment context: Successes and Challenges. Journal of College Science Teaching. 2017;46(5):1-8

Alos SB, Caranto LC, dan Jose David JT. Factors affecting the academic performance of the student nurses of bsu. International Journal of Nursing Science. 2015;5(2):60–65.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/dk.v7i2.6611

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 146 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) - 50 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed by :

  

   

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

freehit counter

View Dunia Keperawatan Stats