MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN ANALISIS DAN SIKAP ILMIAH SISWA MELALUI MODEL EXPLICIT INSTRUCTION DENGAN METODE PRAKTIKUM PADA MATERI AJAR LISTRIK DINAMIS

Ariyanti Maulida Putri, Muhammad Arifuddin, Misbah Misbah

Abstract


Abstract: The lowness of students’ analysis skill and scientific attitude in the class of X-1 of SMA PGRI 6 Banjarmasin in physics learning became the background of this study. Therefore, this study proposed the solution by implementing Explicit Instruction model together with Practicum method. Using the Hopskin model, the type of the study is a class action research study that comprise of two cycles. Every cycle has the stages of make plan, action/observe, and reflection. The data were collected through test, observation, questionaire, and documentation. The data were analyzed in the way of descriptive-qualitative and quantitative. The study result showed that: (1) the implementation of Lesson Plan (RPP) was improved from good category in cycle I to very good category in cycle II. (2) students’ study result has improved according to classical mastery, from not fullfilled in cycle I (individual mastery was only 40%) to mastered in cycle II (individual mastery was 89%), (3) students’ analysis skill has improved from 40% in cycle I to 89% in cycle II, (4) students’ scientific attitude was also improved from 87.1% in cycle I to 94% in cycle II. Therefore, it can be concluded that the analysis skill and scientific attitude of students in the class of X-1 SMA PGRI 6 Banjarmasin in dynamic electric topic can be improved through the Explicit Instruction model together with practicum model.

 

 Keywords: Analysis skill, scientific attitude, explicit instruction, prakticum, dynamic electric.

 

Abstrak: Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh masih rendahnya kemampuan analisis dan sikap ilmiah siswa kelas X-1 SMA PGRI 6 Banjarmasin pada pembelajaran fisika. Oleh karena itu peneliti mengajukan solusi permasalahan dengan  mengimplementasikan model explicit instruction dengan metode praktikum. Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas model Hopskin yang terdiri dari 2 siklus. Setiap siklus terdiri dari tahapan perencanaan, tindakan/observasi, dan refleksi. Data diperoleh melalui tes, observasi,  angket, dan dokumentasi. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1) Keterlaksanaan RPP meningkat dari kategori baik pada siklus I menjadi berkategori sangat baik pada siklus II, (2) Hasil belajar siswa meningkat berdasarkan ketuntasan klasikal dari tidak tuntas pada siklus I (ketuntasan individu hanya 40%) menjadi tuntas secara klasikal pada siklus II  (ketuntasan individu sebesar 89%), (3) Kemampuan analisis siswa meningkat dari  40% pada siklus I menjadi 89% pada siklus II,  (4) Sikap ilmiah siswa juga mengalami peningkatan dari  87,1% pada siklus I menjadi  94% pada siklus II. Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa kemampuan analisis dan sikap ilmiah siswa kelas X-1 SMA PGRI 6 Banjarmasin pada materi ajar listrik dinamis dapat ditingkatkan melalui model explicit instruction metode praktikum.

 

Katakunci: Kemampuan analisis, sikap ilmiah, explicit instruction,  praktikum, listrik dinamis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/jvk.v32i1.4900

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