EKOLOGI TEMPAT TUMBUH SARANG SEMUT PADA TAMAN WISATA ALAM GUNUNG MEJA MANOKWARI

Endria Sada, Rima Herlina S. Siburian, Novita Panambe

Abstract


The ant-plant Sarang Semut is one of the medicinal antimicrobial plants that is very beneficial to human health. As such the plant has widely been exploited in their natural habitat. The silviculture of this plant is not available due to limited knowledge about the existence in nature. Therefore, it is imperative to undertake the ecological study on the growth site of this plant in nature to collect the basic information for the culture and cultivation of this plant. The method used in this research was the descriptive method with the survey technique in Gunung Meja Nature Tourism Park, Manokwari.  The research showed that one species of ant-plant was found namely Myrmecodia cf. schlechteri Valeton. The plant is epifit to selective host plants such as  Garcinia picrorrhiza, Sterculia macrophylla, Intsia bijuga, Pometia coreacea, and Antiaris toxicaria. The ideal growth zone of this plant is in Zone 2 and 3.


Keywords


Ant-plant; ecology; growth zone; Gunung Meja Nature Tourism Park

Full Text:

PDF

References


Efendi, Y. N., & Hertiani, T. (2013). Antimicrobial Potency Of Ant-Plant Extract (Myrmecodia tuberosa Jack.) Against Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus. Majalah Obat Tradisional (Traditional Medicine Journal). 18(1): 53-58. DOI: 10.22146/tradmedj.7944

Ernis, G., Agus, S., & Dewi, H. (2013). Pengaruh Ekstrak Umbi “Simbagh Utak”(Hydnophytum sp) Terhadap Kadar Asam Urat Mus musculus Jantan Dan Karakterisasi Hasil Isolasi Menggunakan FTIR [Doctoral dissertation]. Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Bengkulu.

Gunawan, S. Hafizianor, & Hamidah, S. (2009). Inventarisasi komposisi jenis dan potensi tumbuhan sarang semut (Myrmecodia sp.) berdasarkan karakteristik ekologis habitatnya di kawasan hutan pegunungan Meratus Kalimantan Selatan. Jurnal Hutan Tropis Borneo. 25: 71-85.

Khairudi, Manggau M. A., Mufidah. (2012). Uji efek ekstrak etanol Sarang semut Hydnophytum sp, terhadap perubahan bobot badan mencit (Mus musculus). MFDF. 6 (1): 45-50

Kusmana, C. (1997). Metode survey vegetasi. Fakultas Kehutanan IPB Bogor.

Lungrayasa, I. N., & Mudiana, D. (2000). Anggrek Bulbophyllum Alam di Kebun Raya Eka Karya Bali. BioSMART: Journal of Biological Science. 2(2).

Parinding. (2007). Potensi dan Karakteristik bio-ekologi tumbuhan sarang semut di kawasan Taman Nasional Wasur Kabupaten Merauke. [Tesis]. Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian Bogor (Tidak diterbitkan).

Prachayasittikul, S., Buraparuangsang, P., Worachartcheewan, A., Isarankura-Na-Ayudhya, C., Ruchirawat, S., & Prachayasittikul, V. (2008). Antimicrobial and antioxidative activities of bioactive constituents from Hydnophytum formicarum Jack. Molecules, 13(4), 904-921. DOI: 10.3390/molecules13040904

Rumatrai M. (2016). Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Sarang Semut Family Rubiaceae di Kampung Sakabu dan Kampung Wailen Distrik Salawati Tengah Kabupaten Raja Ampat Provinsi Papua Barat. [Skripsi]. Sarjana Kehutanan (tidak diterbikan).

Siburian, R. H. S., Siregar. (2017). Genetic variation of Gyrinops verstegii originated from Papua based on RAPD. Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences. 19(3): 1-9.

Soeksmanto, A., Subroto, M. A., Wijaya, H., & Simanjuntak, P. (2010). Anticancer activity test for extracts of sarang semut plant (Myrmecodya pendens) to HeLa and MCM-B2 cells. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 13(3): 148. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.148.151

Subroto, M. A. (2006). Gempur penyakit dengan sarang semut. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/es.v14i3.5690

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 31 times
PDF - 26 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
EnviroScienteae is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN : 2302-3708 (Online version)  ISSN : 1978-8096 (Print version)

Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
Kampus ULM Banjarbaru Gedung 1 Lantai II
Jalan Ahmad Yani Km 36 Banjarbaru Kode Pos 70714
Tel / fax : (0511) 4777055 / (0511) 4777055
email : psdal.unlam@gmail.com