PEMANTAUAN DINAMIKA TINGGI MUKA AIR SECARA OTOMATIS DI LAHAN GAMBUT

Nur Wakhid, Zainudin Zainudin

Abstract


Ground Water level fluctuation data on tropical peatland is necessary to restore the degraded peatlands as well as for peatland sustainable management. Peatland restoration always begins with groundwater level restoration (GWL). Therefore, measurement of GWL is necessary for further management. GWL fluctuation on peat soil greatly varies even during a day, therefore automatic GWL measurements are inevitably needed. This study aim is to develop an automatic GWL measurement (TMA) by comparing 2 automatic water level loggers in tropical peatlands. This research was conducted in a rubber plantation on Peat Soil I in Jabiren, Pulang Pisau, Central Kalimantan, from February to December 2014. The measurement of GWL was conducted by manual measurement and using 2 automatic water level monitoring devices. Automatic GWL measurement showed a more detail variation than that of manual measurement. The different of GWL between manual, automatic 1 and 2 were on the range of 16-30 cm. Automatic measurement instruments that users were having their advantages or disadvantages, with the result of measurements were significantly different.


Keywords


data; water level logger; piezometer; manual; automatic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dommain R., Couwenberg J., Glaser P.H., Joosten H., Suryadiputra I.N.N. (2014). Carbon storage and release in Indonesian peatlands since the last deglaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 97, pp.1–32. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.002

Hirano, T. , Kusin, K. , Limin, S. and Osaki, M. (2014). Carbon dioxide emissions through oxidative peat decomposition on a burnt tropical peatland. Glob Change Biol, 20: 555-565. doi:10.1111/gcb.12296

Hirano, T., Jauhiainen, J., Inoue, T. (2008). Controls on the Carbon Balance of Tropical Peatlands. Ecosystems, 12(6), pp.873–887. doi:10.1007/s10021-008-9209-1

http://www.pulangpisaukab.go.id/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=16&Itemid=125. Diakses tanggal 24 Februari 2019 pukul 8:54 WITA.

Kool, D.M., Buurman, P. & Hoekman, D.H. (2006). Oxidation and compaction of a collapsed peat dome in Central Kalimantan. Geoderma, 137(1-2), pp.217–225. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2006.08.021

Könönen, M., Jauhiainen, J., Laiho, R., Kusin, K., Vasander, H. (2015). Physical and chemical properties of tropical peat under stabilised land uses. Mires and Peat, Volume 16, pp.1–13.

Miettinen, J., Hooijer A., Tollenaar D., Page S., Malins C., Vernimmen R., Shi C., and Liew S. C. (2012). Historical Analysis and Projection of Oil Palm Plantation Expansion on Peatland in Southeast Asia. White Paper Number 17, February 2012. International Council on Clean Transportation.

Page, S.E., Rieley, J.O. & Banks, C.J. (2011). Global and regional importance of the tropical peatland carbon pool. Global Change Biology, 17(2), pp.798–818. doi.org: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02279.x

Posa, M.R.C., Wijedasa, L.S., Corlett, R.T. (2011). Biodiversity and Conservation of Tropical Peat Swamp Forests. BioScience, 61(49), pp.49–57. doi:10.1525/bio.2011.61.1.10

Ritzema, H., Limin, S., Kusin, K., Jauhiainen, J., and H. Wosten. (2014). Canal blocking strategies for hydrological restoration of degraded tropical peatlands in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Catena, 114, pp.11–20. doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2013.10.009

Sundari, S., Hirano, T., Yamada, H., Kusin, K., Limin, S,. (2012). Effects of Groundwater Level on Soil Respiration in Tropical Peat Swamp Forests. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 68, 121–134. doi: 10.2480/agrmet.68.2.6

Wösten, J.H.M., Clymans, E., Page, S.E., Rieley, J.O., Limin, S.H. (2008). Peat–water interrelationships in a tropical peatland ecosystem in Southeast Asia. Catena, 73(2). doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2007.07.010




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/es.v15i3.7430

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 115 times
PDF - 379 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
EnviroScienteae is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN : 2302-3708 (Online version)  ISSN : 1978-8096 (Print version)

Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
Kampus ULM Banjarbaru Gedung 1 Lantai II
Jalan Ahmad Yani Km 36 Banjarbaru Kode Pos 70714
Tel / fax : (0511) 4777055 / (0511) 4777055
email : psdal.unlam@gmail.com