EVALUASI PENGELOLAAN LAHAN TERDEGRADASI TERHADAP SIFAT FISIKA TANAH PADA LAHAN REVEGETASI PASCATAMBANG BATUBARA

Ihsan Noor, Udiansyah Udiansyah, Bambang Joko Priatmadi, Emmi Winarni

Abstract


One of the biggest challenges in coal mining activities is the successful management of degraded land through post-mining revegetation activities in accordance with applicable regulations. An easy way to assess the success of revegetation can be done with the approach of the physical properties of the soil. This study aims to evaluate post-mining revegetation land management by analyzing soil physical properties in the form of permeability and bulk density associated with plant growth. The research method was carried out by taking a predetermined sample in the plot area with a size of 20 x 20 m in each revegetation land planted with three depths are 0-20 cm, 20-40 cm, and 40-60 cm. The results showed that the success of revegetation land showed a positive increase where the growth of Acacia mangium plant height had reached 56.5% and the growth of the stem diameter of the plants had reached 53.8% when compared with the same plant type on the original revegetation land (HTI) according with the physical properties of the soil in the form of permeability which shows an increase and bulk density which shows a decrease approaching the value of the HTI land conditions. Thus, the success of post-mining land revegetation can be determined by the physical properties of the soil that affect the growth of the plant.


Keywords


revegetasi; permeabilitas; bulk density

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arif, I. (2007). Perencanaan Tambang Total Sebagai Upaya Penyelesaian Persoalan Lingkungan Dunia Pertambangan Indonesia. Seminar Pertambangan, Lingkungan Hidup dan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat, Universitas Sam Ratulangi, Manado, 6 Agustus 2007.

Arifin, Y. F. (2007). Studi Evaluasi Reklamasi dan Revegetasi Pascatambang PT Arutmin Indonesia Daerah Sepapah Kalimantan Selatan.

Balai Penelitian Tanah. (2005). Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air dan Pupuk. Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Departemen Pertanian. Bogor.

Buckman, H. O. & Brady, N. C. (1987). Ilmu Tanah. Penerbit Bharata Karya Aksara Jakarta.

Denny, S. (2004). Perubahan Karakter Tanah pada Kawasan Reklamasi Bekas Tambang Batubara yang Direvegetasi Selama Setahun, Dua, Tiga, dan Empat Tahun dengan Sengon dan Akasia. Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Herniwanti, H., Udiansyah, U., Priatmadi, B. J., & Winarni, E. (2016). Evaluasi Material Pembentuk Asam Tambang Pada Pengelolaan Lahan Revegetasi Di Area Bekas Penambangan Batubara. EnviroScienteae, 8(2), 80-88.

Iskandar. (2010). Road Map Reklamasi Lahan Bekas Tambang. Pusat Studi Reklamasi Tambang. Lembaga Pengabdian Masyarakat. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Rahmawati. (2002). Restorasi Lahan Bekas Tambang Berdasarkan Kaidah Ekologi. Fakultas Pertanian. Universitas Sumatera Utara. Medan.

Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 4 Tahun 2009 tentang Pertambangan Mineral dan Batubara.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/es.v15i3.7438

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 174 times
PDF - 153 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
EnviroScienteae is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN : 2302-3708 (Online version)  ISSN : 1978-8096 (Print version)

Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
Kampus ULM Banjarbaru Gedung 1 Lantai II
Jalan Ahmad Yani Km 36 Banjarbaru Kode Pos 70714
Tel / fax : (0511) 4777055 / (0511) 4777055
email : psdal.unlam@gmail.com