CHITOSAN INHIBITION FROM SHELL OF WASTE CRAB CULTIVATION “SOKA” (SCYLLA SP) AGAINST 4 HISTAMINE FORMING BACTERIA ISOLATE IN EUTHYNNUS AFFINIS

Siti Aisyah, Agustiana Agustiana, Rabiatul Adawyah, Candra Candra

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to determine the inhibition of chitosan from crab cultivation waste "soka" (Scylla sp) against histamine-forming bacteria in tuna (Euthynnus affinis). The formation of histamine on the cob caused by bacteria that can produce the enzyme histidine decarboxylase to transform histidine into histamine. Several studies have described the ability of chitosan to inhibit the activity of histamine-forming bacteria. In this research, three stages, the first characterization of chitosan from crab shell waste cultivation "soka". Second, isolation of bacteria producing histamine on the cob and a third is testing the activity of chitosan against bacteria producing histamine. Characteristics of chitosan from crab shell waste cultivation "soka" is the water content of 10.07 %, 0.20 % fat, 1.42 % ash content, protein content 3.18 % and 58.99 % degree of deacetylation. The result of the isolation of bacterial symbionts on the cob re-examined in the formation of histamine thus obtained 4 isolates that Serratia marcescens, Enterobacteriaceae sp, Enterobacter gergoviae and Citrobacter amalonaticus. Testing inhibition of chitosan against bacteria Serratia marcescens, Enterobacteriaceae sp, Enterobacter gergoviae and Citrobacter amalonaticus obtained a clear zone, respectively, are 0.54 ± 0.03 cm; 0.59 ± 0.01 cm; 0.41 ± 0.01 cm; and 0.40 ± 0.05 cm.

Keywords


chitosan, histamine, cob, bacteria

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/fs.v1i1.4175

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. ISSN : 1693-3710 (print version), E-ISSN : 2541-1187 (online version)

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