MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE MADE OF INDONESIAN GROWN SISAL

Jauhar Fajrin

Abstract


Sisal fiber is one of the most widely used natural fibers and is very easily to be cultivated. Sisal is considered to be indigenous to central and south America. According to FAO, nearly 4.5 million tons of sisal fiber is produced every year throughout the world. Brazil and Tanzania are the two main producing countries. Indonesia and Thailand are two of the South East Asian countries that also produces sisal. This paper presents a comprehensive experimental work on the fabrication and characterization of epoxy composite reinforced with Indonesian grown sisal. The sisal fiber was specifically grown in Lombok, Indonesia. The composite laminate was fabricated using vacuum bagging process. The characterization processes were conducted to evaluate the the mechanical properties which includes tensile, flexure, shear and compressive properties of such composites. The results showed that the mechanical properties of the examined sisal-epoxy composite in this study has a comparable properties with some of the previous reported studies. The epoxy composite reinforced with unidirectional oriented sisal (UOS) fiber has the tensile, flexural, shear and compressive stress of 40.25 MPa, 62.16 MPa, 23.26 MPa and 60.88 MPa, respectively. While the epoxy composite reinforced with randomly oriented sisal (ROS) fiber has the tensile, flexural, shear and compressive stress of 22.52 MPa, 51.5 MPa, 22.34 MPa and 49.12 MPa, respectively. The results have clearly shown that epoxy composite reinforced with unidirectional oriented sisal fiberhas a better mechanical properties than epoxy composite reinforced with randomly oriented sisal fiber.


Keywords


Mechanical properties, characterization, natural fiber composite, sisal fiber

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anandjiwala R.D., John M., 2010, Sisal-Cultivation, Extraction and Processing; In Mussig J., 2010, Industrial Applications of Natural Fibres, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, United Kingdom.

ASTM Standard D 5379 M (2005), Standard test method for shear properties of composite materials by the V-Notched beam method, ASTM D 5379 M-05, ASTM International, Philadelphia, Pa 19103.

ASTM Standard D 695 (2008), Standard test method for compressive properties of rigid plastics, ASTM D 695, ASTM International, Philadelphia, Pa 19103.

Bisanda E.T.N., 2000, Effect of alkali treatment to the adhesion characteristics of sisal fibres, Applied Composite Materials, Vol. 7, Nos.5-6, Nov.2000; In Bledzk A.K., Sperber V.E., Faruk O., 2002, Natural and Wood Fibre Reinforcement in Polymers, Rapra Review Reports, Volume 13, Number 8, 2002.

Bledzk A.K., Sperber V.E., Faruk O., 2002, Natural and Wood Fibre Reinforcement in Polymers, Rapra Review Reports, Volume 13, Number 8, 2002.

British Standard, BS EN ISO 527-2:1996, Plastics-Determination of tensile properties, BSI, 389 Chiswick High Road, London.

British Standard, BS EN ISO 14125:1998, Fibre-reinforced plastic composites-determination of flexural properties, BSI, 389 Chiswick High Road, London.

Fonseca V. M., Fernandes V. J., de Carvalho L. H., d’Almeida J. R. M., 2004, Evaluation of the mechanical properties of sisal–polyester composites as a function of the polyester matrix formulation, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 94, 1209–1217 (2004).

HerreraF.P.J., Gonza´lez A., 2005, A study of the mechanical properties of short natural-fiber reinforced composites, Composites: Part B 36 (2005) 597–608.

Kaynak, C., Akgul, T., 2001, Open mould process, in Handbook of composite fabrication, Akovali, G., 2001, RAPRA technology, Ankara, Turkey.

Khan R.A., Khan M.A., Zaman H.U., Parvin F., Islam T., Nigar F, Islam R, Saha S., Mustafa A.I., 2012, Fabrication and characterization of jute fabric-reinforced PVC-based composite, Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, Vol. 25—February 2012.

Mathur V.K., 2006, Composites material from local resources, Construction and Building Materials, V.20, p 470-477.

Mussig J., 2010, Industrial Applicationsof Natural Fibres, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, United Kingdom.

Mwaikambo L.Y., 2006, Review of the history, properties and application of plant fibres, African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST) Science and Engineering Series Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 120 – 133.

Naidu V.N.P., Reddy G.R., Kumar M.A., Reddy M.M., Khanam P.N., Naidu S.V., 2011, Compressive & impact properties of sisal/glass fibre reinforced hybrid composites, International Journal of Fibre and Textile Research 2011; 1(1): 11-14.

Oksman K., Wallstrom L., Berglund L. A., Toledo F.R.D., 2002, Morphology and mechanical properties of unidirectional sisal-epoxy composite, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 84, No.13, 24th June 2002, p.2358-65.

Pothan L.A., George J., Thomas S., 2002, Effect of fibre surface treatments on the fibre matrix interaction in banana fibre reinforced polyester composites, Composite Interfaces, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 335–353 (2002).

Prasad A.V.R., Rao K.M., 2011, Mechanical properties of natural fibre reinforced polyester composites: Jowar, sisal and bamboo, Materials and Design 32 (2011) 4658–4663.

Rong M.Z., Zhang M.Q., Liu Y., Yan H.M., Yang G.C., Zeng H.M., 2002, Interfacial interaction in sisal/epoxy composites and its influence on impact performance, Polymer Composites, April 2002, Vo. 23. No.2.

Rodríguez E., Petrucci R., Puglia D., Kenny J. M., Vázquez A., 2005, Characterization of Composites Based on Natural and Glass Fibers Obtained by Vacuum Infusion. Journal of Composite Materials 39 (3): 265-282

Rouison D., Mohini S., Couturier M., 2006, Resin transfer molding of hemp fiber composites: Optimization of the process and mechanical properties of the materials. Com-posites Science and Technology 66:895–906

Samuel O.D., Agbo S., Adekanye T.A., 2012,Assessing mechanical properties of natural fibre reinforced composites for engineering applications,Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 2012, 11, 780-784.

Sastra H. Y., Siregar J. P., Sapuan S., Hamdan M.M., Tensile properties of Arengapinnata fibre-reinforced epoxy composites, Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 45: 149–155, 2006.

Singh B., Gupta M., Verma A., 1996, Influence of fibre surface treatment on the properties of sisal-polyester composites, Polymer Composites, December 1996, Vol. 17, No. 6.

Singh B., Gupta M., 2005, Natural Fiber Composites for Building Applicationsin, in Mohanty A.K., Misra M., Drzal L.T., 2005, Natural fibers, biopolymers, and biocomposites, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, USA.

Mohanty A.K., Misra M., Drzal L.T., 2005, Natural fibers, biopolymers, and biocomposites, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, USA.

Suddel B.C., Rosemaund A., 2008, Industrial fibres: recent and current developments, Proceedings of the symposium on natural fibres, Rome, 20 October 2008.

Ticoalu A., Aravinthan T., Cardona F., 2010, Experimental investigation into gomuti fibres/polyester composites, Proceeding of the Australasian conference on the mechanics of structures and materials, 451-456.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/infotek.v17i1.1264

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 55 times
PDF - 25 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 INFO-TEKNIK

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

joomla
statistics View My Stats

Indexed By:

 

Citation :

SINTA Grade 5 (Arjuna 44,06) :

GOOGLE SCHOLAR : Kutipan = 24, H-index = 3, i10-index = 0

IPI :  Artikel = 100

IOS 3969 : Artikel = 239