Students’ Pronunciation of English Sounds; Long Vowels and Diphthongs.

Eka Puspa Cahyani

Abstract


Pronunciation is a fundamental part in learning English because not only we learn
thelanguage;we’regoingtousethelanguageaswell.Inordertobeabletousethelanguage,
we need to learn how to produce it first. Pronunciation helps students to pronounce the words,
phrases,andsentencesintherightway.Itdoesn’tmeanthatwehavetospeaklikethenative,
but it means that we can pronounce the language intelligibly so that we can be understood. The
research aims to find out the most difficult long vowels and diphthongs sound pronounced by
fifth-semester students of Lambung Mangkurat University academic year 2016/2017. The
population of this study was fifth semester students Lambung Mangkurat University academic
year 2016/2017. The researcher takes 35 students by using purposive sampling technique. Test
and interview were used in collecting the data. The result shows that students have difficulties
in pronouncing long vowels and diphthongs duetostudents’firstlanguageandthelackof
practice in speaking English. The most difficult long vowels and diphthongs sound
pronounced by students are /ɔ:/; /i:/; /eɪ/; /ɪə/; /əʊ/. Based on the resulting research, it is suggested
to a teacher to use drilling and listen-repeattechniquesmoreoftentopracticestudents’long
vowels and diphthongs. Students also need to practice English sounds especially long vowels
and diphthongs more by doing recording, imitating and speak English a lot.

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