Evaluasi Pelayanan Resep Berdasarkan Pelaksanaan Standar Kefarmasian di Apotek Tempat Praktik Kerja Profesi Apoteker (PKPA) Kota Yogyakarta

Chynthia Pradiftha Sari, Okti Ratna Mafruhah, Rizki Nurul Fajria, Alia Meta

Abstract


ABSTRAK

 

   Pemerintah Indonesia menetapkan standar pelayanan kefarmasian di apotek berupa Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan (PMK) Nomor 35 tahun 2014, secara keseluruhan evaluasi terhadap pelayanan kefarmasian di apotek belum mencapai skor maksimal. Pada pelayanan resep kajian administrative dan penyampaian konseling obat jarang dilakukan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi pelaksanaan standar kefarmasian dalam pelayanan resep di apotek tempat PKPA wilayah Yogyakarta. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah desktiptif observasional dengan rancangan potong lintang melibatkan 4 area apotek diwilayah Yogyakarta dengan total 108 resep yang diamati, 77 resep yang dijadikan sampel penelitian. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan mengisi lembar observasi, dan wawancara dengan apoteker pengelola apotek sejumlah 10 apoteker dan 11 TTK (tenaga teknis kefarmasian). Data hasil lembar observasi dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif menggunakan Microsoft Excel, kemudian disimpulkan dalam bentuk persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, dalam melakukan pelayananan resep berupa pengkajian resep, peracikan dan pengemasan obat, serta penyerahan obat di tempat PKPA dilakukan oleh apoteker dan TTK, dengan rincian persentase rata-rata pengkajian resep oleh apoteker (77,84%) dan TTK (22,16%), peracikan dan pengemasan 64,99% dilakukan apoteker dan 35,01% dilakukan TTK, penyerahan obat 67,19% dilakukan apoteker dan 32,81% dilakukan TTK. Pelaksanaan standar kefarmasian dalam melakukan pelayanan resep terdapat aspek yang tidak dilakukan terkait pemeriksaan data (berat badan, tinggi badan, riwayat keluarga, riwayat penyakit, riwayat pengobatan, dan alergi) dan pemberian informasi obat (efek samping obat, cara penyimpanan, makanan dan minumamn yang harus dihindari).

 

Kata Kunci: Standar pelayananan Kefarmasian, evaluasi pelayanan resep, apotek


ABSTRACT

 

               The Indonesian government has set a pharmaceutical service standard in the pharmacy in the form of Minister of Health Regulation (PMK) Number 35 of 2014, as a whole the evaluation of pharmacy services at the pharmacy has not yet reached the maximum score. In prescription services administrative studies and delivery of drug counseling are rarely done. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation of pharmaceutical standards in prescription services at the PKPA place in Yogyakarta. The research method used was observational desktiptif with a cross-sectional design involving 4 pharmacy areas in the Yogyakarta region with a total of 108 prescriptions observed, 77 prescriptions being used as research samples. Data collection was carried out by filling out the observation sheet, and interviewing pharmacists managing pharmacies with 10 pharmacists and 11 TTK (pharmaceutical technical personnel). Data from the observation sheet were analyzed by descriptive statistics using Microsoft Excel, then concluded in the form of a percentage. The results showed, in conducting prescription services in the form of prescription studies, compounding and packaging of drugs, and the delivery of drugs at the PKPA site conducted by pharmacists and TTK, with a detailed percentage of prescription studies by pharmacists (77.84%) and TTK (22, 16%), compounding and packaging 64.99% were carried out by pharmacists and 35.01% were performed TTK, drug delivery 67.19% was carried out by pharmacists and 32.81% were carried out TTK. The implementation of pharmaceutical standards in prescribing services contained aspects that were not carried out related to examining data (weight, height, family history, disease history, medical history, and allergies) and providing drug information (drug side effects, methods of storing, food and drinking). must be avoided).

 

 

Keyword: Pharmaceutical service standards, prescription service evaluation, pharmacy



Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonim. (2009). Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 51 Tahun 2009 Tentang Pekerjaan Kefarmasian. https://www.persi.or.id/images/regulasi/pp/pp512009.pdf . Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Alomar, M. (2014). Community Pharmacy Prescription Screening in the UAE. Pharmacology & Pharmacy Scientific Research, 83-91. Retrieved from (http://www.scirp.org/journal/pp)

APTFI. (2010). ASOSIASI PENDIDIKAN TINGGI FARMASI INDONESIA "STANDAR PRAKTIK KERJA PROFESI APOTEKER (SPKPA). Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/8423515/Asosiasi_Pendidikan_Tinggi_Farmasi_Indonesia_Standar_Praktik_Kerja_Profesi_Apoteker_Spkpa_Jakarta_2010_2_Daftar_Isi

Brown, J. N., Britnell, S. R., Stivers, A. P., & Cruz, J. L. (2017). Medication Safety in Clinical Trials: Role of the Pharmacist in Optimizing Practice, Collaboration, and Education to Reduce Errors. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine , 125-133.

Bushra, R., Aslam, N., & Yar Khan, A. (2011). Food-Drug Interactions. Oman Medical Journal, 26(2), 77-83.

Caplan, A., Fett, N., Rosenbach, M., Werth, V., & Micheletti, R. G. (2017). Prevention and management of glucocorticoid-induced side effects: A comprehensive review. Continuing Medical Education.

Chantaphakul, H., Sanon, T., & Klaewsongkram, J. (2015). Clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 519-524.

Crichton, B. (2004). Keep in a cool place: exposure of medicines to high temperatures in general practice during a British heatwave. Journal of The Royal Society of medicine, 97(7), 328-329.

Darius, D. (2015). Impact of Lifestyle on Health. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 44(11).

Depkes RI. (2009). Peraturan Pemerintahan No. 51 tahun 2009 Tentang Pekerjaan Kefarmasian. Jakarta. Indonesia

Dominica, D., Putra, D. P., & Yulihsari. (2016). Pengaruh Kehadiran Apoteker Terhadap Pelayanan Kefarmasian di Apotek di Kota Padang. Jurnal Sains Farmasi dan Klinis, 3(1), 99-107.

FIP. (2017). Good Pharmacy Practice. International Pharmaceutical Federation.

ISMAIL, M. (2009). Drug-Food Interactions And Role Of Pharmacist. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 2(4).

Kadia, K. N., & Schroeder, N. M. (2015). Community Pharmacy–Based Adherence Programs and the Role of Pharmacy Technicians. Journal Pharmacy Technology, 51-57.

Lander, L., Howsare, J., & Byme, M. (2013). The Impact of Substance Use Disorders on Families and Children: From Theory to Practice. Soc Work Public Health, 28(0), 194-205.

Matson, K. L., Harton, R. E., & Capino, C. A. (2017, Jan-Feb). Medication Dosage in Overweight and Obese Children. The journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 22(1), 81-83.

Mulyagustina, Wiedyaningsih, C., & Kristina, A. S. (2017). IMPLEMENTASI STANDAR PELAYANAN KEFARMASIAN DIAPOTEK KOTA JAMBI. Jurnal Manajemen dan Pelayanan Farmasi, 83-96Purwono, H. B., & Sukmajati, M. A. (2008). Kajian Pelaksanaan Standar Pelayanan Kefarmasian Berdasarkan Kepmenkes RI No 1027/Menkes/SK/IX/2004 di Apotek Kabupaten Bantul. Skripsi.

Permenkes RI. (2014). Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia No 35 Th 2014 Tentang Standar Pelayanan Kefarmasian Di Apotek.

Purwanti, A. H. (2004). Gambaran Standar Pelayanan Kefarmasian di Apotek DKI JakartaTahun 2003. Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian, 102-115.

Rajan, R., Roy, A. D., Todi, S., Dutta, P., Chatterjee, T., Lahiri, S., & Sengupta, A. (2018). A review article on impact of drug food interactions and its prevention. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, 3(4).

Sanii, Y., Torkamandi, H., Gholami, K., Hadavand , N., & Javadi, M. (2016, April-Jun). Role of pharmacist counseling in pharmacotherapy quality improvement. Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice, 5(2), 132-137.

Sari, C. P., Hakim, L., & Pramantara, D. (2017). Role Of Pharmacist In Counseling Asthma To Improve Patient Adherence In Yogyakarta . Asian Journal of pharmaceutical and Clinical Research.

Sumners , C. (2016, September 6). DRUG STABILITY: HOW STORAGE CONDITIONS AFFECT THEIR PERFORMANCE. Retrieved from https://vitalrecord.tamhsc.edu/drug-stability-storage-conditions-affect-performance

UU RI (2009). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No. 36 Tahun 2009 tentang Kesehatan. Retrieved from http://dpmptsp.pemkomedan.go.id/userfiles/dpmptspmedan/file_download/files/PERATURAN/SARANAKESEHATAN/Permenkes-no-31-thn-2016.pdf

Warrington, R., & Silviu-Dan, F. (2011). Drug allergy. Journal of Allergy Asthma Clinical Immunology, 7.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/jps.v6i1.6071

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 120 times
PDF - 141 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Pharmascience Published BY:

Program Studi Farmasi Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Jurnal Pharmascience is indexed by:


 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.