Validasi Kuesioner Pengetahuan Anemia dan Suplemen Zat Besi Pada Ibu Hamil

Susan Fitria Candradewi, Ginanjar Zukhruf Saputri, Adnan Adnan

Abstract


ABSTRAK

 

Anemia pada kehamilan merupakan salah satu masalah dalam kehamilan. Data WHO pada tahun 2001 menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari 50 % wanita hamil mengalami anemia. Anemia pada kehamilan merupakan suatu kondisi dimana kadar hemoglobin kurang dari 11 mg/dL. Prevalensi anemia di Indoensia cukup tinggi yaitu sebesar 50-63%, sedangkan prevalensi di DI Yogyakarta adalah 14,32%.  Penelitian mengenai pengetahuan ibu hamil terkait kondisi kehamilannya di Selangor  diperoleh bahwa pengetahuan ibu hamil pada kategori baik, namun sebagian besar dari subyek memiliki penegtahuan yang rendah terkait suplemen zat besi. Instrumen penelitian mengenai pengetahuan dan suplemen zat besi yang tervalidasi di Indonesia masih belum ada, sehingga data pengetahuan ibu hamil mengenai kehamilan dan suplemen zat besi masih sangat kurang. Metode dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan melakukan pengembangan instrumen penelitian (kuesioner) yang dilakukan validasi oleh tiga orang ahli di bidangnya masing-masing (validasi konten). Langkah selanjutnya adalah dengan melakukan pilot test untuk mengetahui masukan maupun umpan balik dari subyek terkait kesalahan dan item pertanyaan yang membingungkan. Pilot test juga digunakan untuk mengukur waktu pengisian kuesioner. Langkah terakhir adalah melakukan validasi construct yang dilakukan pada 49 subyek penelitian. Analisis statistik menggunakan pearson correlation  dan cronbach alpha digunakan untuk mengukur validitas dan reliabilitas kuesioner. Subyek penelitian dalam validasi ini adalah sebanyak 49 pasien hamil yang mendapatkan suplemen zat besi dan atau asam folat di RS PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping pada periode Agustus sampai dengan September 2019. Berdasarkan hasil Uji validitas terhadap 15 item pertanyaan diperoleh 2 item pertanyaan yang tidak valid, selanjutnya item pertanyaan dihapus dan dilakukan validasi ulang dan diperoleh hasil valid dengan nilai koefisien pearson correlation ditasa nilai r tabel. Hasil uji reliabilitas menggunakan cronbach alpa diperoleh semua item pertanyaan memiliki nilai cronbach alpa diatas 0,6 sehingga dinyatakan reliabel.

 

Kata Kunci: Validasi, pengetahuan, ibu hamil, suplemen zat besi

 

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

Anemia in pregnancy is one of the problems in pregnancy. WHO data in 2001 showed that more than 50% of pregnant women had anemia. Anemia in pregnancy is a condition where the hemoglobin level is less than 11 mg / dL. The prevalence of anemia in Indonesia is quite high at 50-63%, while the prevalence in DI Yogyakarta is 14.32%. Research on the knowledge of pregnant women regarding their pregnancy conditions in Selangor shows that the knowledge of pregnant women is in the good category, but most of the subjects have low knowledge regarding iron supplementation. Research instruments on validated knowledge and supplementation of iron in Indonesia still do not exist, so data on knowledge of pregnant women regarding pregnancy and iron supplements is still lacking. The method in this study was to develop a research instrument (questionnaire) which was validated by three experts in their respective fields (content validation). The next step is to conduct a pilot test to find out input and feedback from subjects related to errors and confusing question items. Pilot tests are also used to measure the time to fill out the questionnaire. The final step is to construct validation conducted on 49 research subjects. Statistical analysis using Pearson correlation and Cronbach alpha was used to measure the validity and reliability of the questionnaire. Research subjects in this validation were 49 pregnant patients who received iron supplements and / or folic acid at PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping Hospital in the period of August to September 2019. Based on the results of the validity test of 15 question items, there were 2 items that were invalid, further items questions were deleted and re-validated and valid results obtained with the Pearson correlation coefficient ditasa r table values. The reliability test results using Cronbach Alpha are obtained all questions items have a Cronbach Alpha value above 0.6 so that it is declared reliable.

 

Keywords:validation, knowledge, pregnant women, iron suplements

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/jps.v7i1.8069

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