Potensi Tanaman Lokal sebagai Tanaman Obat dalam Menghambat Penyebaran COVID-19

Yuli Kusuma Dewi, Baiq Amelia Riyandari

Abstract


COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease of 2019) merupakan wabah penyakit yang menginfeksi saluran pernafasan pada manusia. Wabah ini tidak hanya terjadi di Indonesia, melainkan terjadi hampir di seluruh negara di Dunia. COVID-19 ini menjadi wabah yang meresahkan karena penyebarannya terjadi dengan sangat cepat melalui kontak antara manusia dengan manusia dan hingga saat ini belum tersedianya vaksin terhadap virus SARS-CoV-2 yang telah diuji klinis untuk mengatasi penyebaran virus ini. Salah satu upaya untuk mencegah penyebaran COVID-19 adalah meningkatkan sistem kekebalan tubuh (sistem imunitas) melalui asupan makanan yang kaya akan kandungan senyawa antioksidan maupun imun booster. Berdasarkan studi literatur yang telah dilakukan, beberapa tanaman lokal Indonesia diprediksi dapat menjadi kandidat penghambat COVID-19. Tanaman yang memiliki potensi sebagai antiviral yang dapat menghambat COVID-19 antara lain: jahe merah (Zingiber officinale), kunyit (Curcuma longa L.), temulawak (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb), teh hijau (Camelia sinensis), meniran (Phyllantus niruri L.), salam (Syzygium polyanthum), jambu biji (Psidium guajava), cengkeh (Sygizium aromaticum), dan bawang putih (Allium Sativum).

 

COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease of 2019) is one of disease infecting human respiratory system. This pandemic spreads out not only in Indonesia, but also in all countries around the world. In nowdays, COVID-19 become a terrible disease because the virus can infect very fast through human to human transmission and there is no clinically published vaccine against the SARS-CoV-2 virus to prevent the transmission. One of prevention methods of COVID-19 is by enhancing immune system. Consuming of some food which contain antioxidant agent or immune booster is known as one of method to enhance the immune system. Based on literature studies, there are some Indonesian local plants predicted as the inhibitor against COVID-19. Those plants which are potential as the antiviral to inhibit COVID-19 including red ginger (Zingiber officinale), turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), temulawak (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb), green tea (Camelia sinensis), meniran (Phyllantus niruri L.), salam (Syzygium polyanthum), guava (Psidium guajava), clove (Sygizium aromaticum), dan garlic (Allium Sativum).

Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, medicinal plants, antiviral


Keywords


COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; tanaman obat; antivirus

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/jps.v7i2.8793

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