PERTIMBANGAN MORAL MENURUT GENDER PESERTA DIDIK DALAM PEMBELAJARAN PKN DI SMA KORPRI BANJARMASIN

Sarbaini Sarbaini

Abstract


Dalam perspektif PKn, pembelajaran yang memberikan kasus “dilema moral” akan menjadi wahana pendidikan yang memfasilitasi peserta diri untuk memberikan argumen moral sekaligus menunjukkan posisi perkembangan moralnya terhadap kasus “dilema moral” yang diajukan kepadanya, sehingga lambat laun mengembangkan dirinya menjadi warga negara yang cerdas, bertanggungjawab dan berkeadaban. Peserta didik kelas XII SMA Korpri Banjarmasin, secara keseluruhan berdasarkan rerata ‘judgment score” sebesar 14,7, maka tingkat perkembangan moral kognitif peserta didik kelas berada pada tahapan II (konvensional), yang berorientasi pada hukum dan ketertiban, yakni 70% peserta didik lelaki dengan rata-rata “judgment score” sebesar 13,6, dan 100% peserta didik perempuan dengan “judgment score” sebesar 15,8. Perbedaan gender pada pengukuran Kohlberg menampakkan hasil-hasil bermakna ganda, memperlihatkan pola-pola yang amat berbeda dari jenis kelamin, tetapi juga kontoversial, namun ditegaskan bahwa perempuan memang berkembang secara berbeda dari laki-laki, juga dalam hal berpikir moral.

 

 

Kata-kata kunci: pertimbangan moral, gender, peserta didik, PKn

Full Text:

PDF

References


Althof and Berkowitz. 2006. Moral Education and Character Education: Their Relationship and Roles in Citizenship Education. Journal of Moral Education. Volume 35. Issue 4, 2006.

Arthur, James and Davies, Ian. 2008. Citizenship Education. Volume 2; The Purposes of Citizenship Education. Sage Library of Educational Thought and Practice. pp. 74-188.

Berk, L. 1999. Infants, Children, and Adolescents (3rd.ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Beck, C. 1971. Moral Education in the Schools. Toronto: OISE.

Blatt, M. 1969. The Effects of Classroom Discussion on the Development of Moral Judgment. Unpuslised Doctoral Dissertation. University of Chicago.

Blatt, M & Kohlberg, L. 1970. The Effects of Classroom Moral Discussion upun Children’s Leve; of Moral Judgment. Merril-Palmer Quarterly, 1970, 16, 17-22.

Boyes, M.C., and Walker,L.J., 1988. Implications of Cultural Diversity for the Universality Claims of Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Reasoning. Human Development, 31,44-59.

Boyd, D. 1976. Education Toward Principled Moral Judgment: An Analysis of an Experimental Course in Undergraduate Moral Education Applying Lawrence Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Harvard University.

Darling, Linda Farr. 2008. The Essential Moral Dimensions of Citizenship Education: What Should We Teach? Journal of Educational Thought/Revue de la Pensee Educative, Vol.36. No.3.pp.229-247.Dec 2002.

Dellaportas, S., Cooper, B.J., Leung, P.2006. Measuring Moral Judgement and the Implications of Cooperative Education and Rule-Based Learning. Accounting & Finance. Volume. 46, Issue 1, p.53-70. March 2006.

Donenberg, Geri R., and Hoffman, Lois W.1988. Gender Differences in Moral Development. Sex Roles. Vol.18 No.11/12, Juni 1988. Online. https:www.researchgate.net/ publication/30846344. Unduh 6 April 2016

Duska, Ronald dan Whelan, Mariellen. 1982. Perkembangan Moral, terj. DwijaAtmaka, Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Galotti, Kathleen M.1989. Gender Differences in Self-Reported Moral Reasoning: A Review and New Evidence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol.18, No.5, 1989

Gates, Brian.E. 2006. Where is the Moral in Citizenship Education. Journal of Moral Education Vol.35, No.4, December 2006, pp.437-441 .

Gilligan, Carol.1977. In a Different Voice: Women’s Conceptions of Self and of Morality. Harvard Educational Review Vol.47 No.4. Nopember 1977. Online. https://facweb.northseattle.edu/karchibald/PSYC200/Articles/Gilligan(1977)_In%20A%20Different%20Voice.pdf. Unduh.16 Februari 2013.

Gilligan, Carol. 1982. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Gibbs,J.C. 2003. Moral Development & Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg and Hoffman. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Haan, N., Smith, M. B., & Block, J. (1968). Moral reasoning of young adults: Political-social behavior, family background, and personality correlates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 10, 183-201.

Haydon. Graham. 1999. The Moral Agenda of Citizenship Education. The School Field, Volume X, Number 34. Online. www.see-educoop.net.pdf. Unduh. 24 Januari 2016

Hartshorne dan May, dalam Duska, Ronald dan Whelan, Mariellen. 1982. Perkembangan Moral, terj. DwijaAtmaka, Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Held, Virginia. (1993). Feminist Morality. Tranforming Culture, Society, and Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Holstein CB (1976) Irreversible, stepwise sequence in the development of moral judgment: a longitudinal study of males and females. Child Development 47:51–61.

Killen dan Nucci.1995. Morality, Authonomy, and Social Conflict. In M.Killen & D.Hart (Eds.), Morality in Everydaylife: Developmental Perspectives. (pp.52-86). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kohlberg, L. 1981. Essays on Moral Development: The Philosophy of Moral Development (Vol.1). San Francisco: Harper & Row, Publishers.

Kohlberg, L.1984. Essays on Moral Development: The Philosophy of Moral Development (Vol.2). San Francisco: Harper & Row, Publishers

Locke, D.1979. Cognitive Stages or Developmental Phases? A Critique of Kohlberg’s Stage-Structural Theory of Moral Reasoning. Journal of Moral Education, 8, 168-181.

Manavipour, Davood.2012. Iranian Students’ Moral Development Scale. Educational Research and Essay. Vol.1(2), pp.15-20, April 2012. Online.http://www.wudpeckerresearchjournals.org/ERE/2012. Unduh. 24 Januari 2016.

Oladipo, S.E. 2009. Moral Educcation of the Child: Whose Responsibility?. Journal Social Science, 20 (2):149-156 (2009.

Rest, J.R.1979. Development in Judging Moral Issues. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Rudd, Andrew., Mullane, Susan., Stoll, Sharon., 2010. Development of an Instrumen to Measure the Moral Judgments of Sport Managers. Journal of Sport Management, 2010,24, 59-83.

Winataputra, Udin.2006. Konsep dan Strategi PKn di Sekolah; Tinjauan Psiko-Pedagogis. Makalah. Disampaikan pada tanggal 8 Juni 2006 di Auditorium Depdikbud Senayan Jakarta.

Walker, L.J., Pitts, R.C., Hennig, K.H., & Matsuba, M.K.1995. Reasoning about Morality and Real-life Moral Problems, In M.Killen & D.Hart (Eds.), Morality in Everyday life: Developmental Perspectives (pp.371-407). Cambridge, England: Cambridge




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/kewarganegaraan.v6i11.729

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 122 times
PDF - 683 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan

KERJASAMA DENGAN 

 

Diindeks oleh:

 



Jurnal Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan oleh  Lembaga Pengembangan dan Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan ULM dilisensikan dengan  Lisensi Internasional Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 .  

Penghitung Bendera