PENGARUH KONFORMITAS TERHADAP AGRESIVITAS REMAJA INFLUENCE OF CONFORMITY TO ADOLESCENT AGGRESSIVENESS

Ari Rahmi Hasfaraini, Dimyati Dimyati

Abstract


Konformitas merupakan salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi agresivitas remaja. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh konformitas terhadap agresivitas remaja. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan kuantitatif. Subjek penelitian ini adalah remaja yang tergabung dalam Sekolah Menengah Atas di D.I Yogyakarta berjumlah 51 orang (34 orang remaja perempuan dan 17 orang remaja laki-laki) dengan usia 15 – 17 tahun. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah skala dan diuji validitasnya menggunakan validitas isi dan uji reliabilitasnya menggunakan teknik Alpha Cronbach. Teknik analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis regresi sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara konformitas terhadap agresivitas (F=0,030; p>0,05).


Keywords


konformitas, agresivitas, remaja

References


Archer, J. (1991). The influence of testosterone on human aggression. British Journal of Psychology, 82(1991), 1-28.

Arsih, F. Y. (2010). Studi fenomenologis: Kekerasan kata-kata (verbal abuse) pada remaja.

Asch, S. E. (1955). Opinions and social pressure. Scientific American, 193(5), 31-35.

Aulya, A., Ilyas, A., & Ifdil. (2016). Perbedaan perilaku agresif siswa laki-laki dan siswa perempuan. Jurnal Educatio, 2(1), 92-97.

Baron, R. A & Byrne, D. (2005). Psikologi sosial. (R. Djuwita, M. M. Parman, D. Yasmina, & L. P. Lunanta, Trans.). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Buss, A. H., & Perry, M. (1992). The aggression questionnaire. Personality Processes and Individual Differences, 63(3), 452-459.

Eisenberg, M. E., Toumbourou, J. W., Catalano, R. F., & Hemphill, S. A. (2014). Social norms in the development of adolescent substance use: A longitudinal analysis of the international youth decelopment study. J Youth Adolescence. Doi: 10.1007/s10964-014-0111-1

Feldman, R. S. (2009). Development across the life span (Fifth ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

Hess, N. H & Hagen, E. H. (2006). Sex differences in indirect aggression psychological evidance from young adults. Evolution and Human Behavior. 27 (2006), 231-245.

Iwamoto, D. K., & Smiler, A. P. (2013). Alcohol makes you macho and helps you make friends: The role of masculine norms and peer pressure in adolescent boys’ and girls’ alcohol use. Substance Use & Misuse, 2013(48), 371-378.

Kumar, R., & Varma, B. (2014). Adolescents” aggression in relation to peer pressure and family relationship. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 5(2), 628-631.

Lotfi, A. A., Vaziri, Sh., & Lotfi, K. F. (2012) Relationship between maternal parenting style and child’s aggressive behavior. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69(2012), 1276-1281.

Merdekasari, A & Chaer, M. T. (2017). Perbedaan perilaku agresi antara siswa laki-laki dan siswa perempuan di SMPN 1 Kasreman Ngawi. Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan & Konseling, 3(1), 53-60.

McCloskey, M. S., & Coccaro, E. F. (2003). Questionnaire and interview measures of aggression in adults. In E. F. Coccaro (ed.), Aggression psychiatric assessment and treatment (167 – 193). New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc.

Moller, I & Krahe, B. (2009). Eksposure to violent vodeo games and aggression in German adolescents: A longitudinal analysis. Aggressive Behavior, 35(2009), 75-89.

Munoz-Rivas, M. J., Grana, J. L., O'Leary, K. D., & Gonzalez, M. P. (2007). Aggression in adolescent dating relationship: Prevalence, justification, and health consequences. Journal of Adolescent Health, 40(2007), 298-304. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.11.137

Myers, D. G. (2012). Social psychology (Eleventh ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Tentama, F. (2012). Perilaku anak agresif: Assesmen dan intervensinya. Kesmas. 6(2), 162-232.

Teunissen, H. A., Spikkerman, R., Prinstein, M.J., Cohen, G. L., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Scolte, R. H. J. (2012). Adolescents’ conformity to their peers’ pro-alcohol and anti-alcohol norms: The power of popularity. Alcohol Clin Exp Res, 36(7), 1257-1267.

Sanni, K. B., Udoh, N. A., Okediji, A. A., Modo, F. N., & Ezeh, L. N. (2010). Family types and juvenile delinquency issues among secondary school students in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria: Counseling implication. J Soc Sci 23(1), 21-28.

Santrock, J. W. (2011). Perkembangan masa-hidup. (B. Wisdyasinta, Trans.). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sarwono, S. W., & Meinarno, E. A. (2018) Psikologi sosial (ed.2). Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

Sharma, A. (2016). Relationship between parental bonding and factors of aggression among adolescent. Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing, 7(1), 129-132.

Sloan, P. A., Berman, M. E., Zeigler-Hill, V., & Bullock, J. S. (2009). Group influences on self-Aggression: Conformity and dissenter effects. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 28(5), 535-553.

Studer, J., Baggio. S., Deline, S., N’Goran, A. A., Henchoz, Y., Mohler-Kuo, M., ..., Gmel, G. (2014). Peer pressure and alcohol use in young men: A mediation analysis of drinking motives. International Journal of Drug Policy. 2014, 1-9.

Studer, J., Baggio, S., Grazioli, V. S., Mohler-Kuo, M., Daeppen, J. B., & Gmel, G. (2016). Risky substance use and peer pressure in swiss young men: Test of moderation effect. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2016(16). 89-98.

Susantyo, B. (2011). Memahami perilaku agresif: Sebuah tinjauan konseptual. Informasi, 16 (03) 189-202.

Walker-Barnes, C. J., & Mason, C. A. (2001). Perception of risk factors female gang involvement among african american and hispanic women. Youth and society, 32(3), 3003-336.

Yudofsky, S. C., Silver, J.M., Jackson, W., Endicott, J., & Williams, D. (1986). The overt aggression scale for the objective rating of verbal and pshysical aggression. AM J Psychiatry. 143(1), 35-39.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/ecopsy.v5i3.5658

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 52 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) - 37 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by :

     

     

    

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats