The Effect of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Approaches on Critical Thinking Skills Using PBL Learning Models

I Putu Yogi Setia Permana, I Dewa Putu Nyeneng, I Wayan Distrik

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) approach to the improvement of critical thinking skills using Problem Based Learning (PBL) models. The population of the research was all of the 10th grade IPA students in SMA Negeri 7 Bandar Lampung which were 233 students. The selection of research sample used a purposive sampling technique with the sample of class X IPA 5 that consisted of 31 students as the experimental group and the class X IPA 6, which was 30 students, as the control group. The research design used Non-Equivalent Pretest Posttest Control Group Design. Data were tested by N-gain analysis, normality test, homogeneity test, Mann-Withney U Test Effect size test. The results showed that there was a significant  effect of the STEM approach in improving critical thinking skills as indicated by the Sig. (2-Tailed), which was less than 0.05, 0.000, and the average value of N-gain (g) critical thinking skills in the experimental class was 0.73 (high category) while the control class was 0.56 (medium category). Effect size showed a value (d) of 1.49 included in high category. It can be concluded that the application of STEM approach using PBL learning model can improve students critical thinking skills. Implications of the study are discussed. The use of the STEM approach using PBL learning model can be used as an alternative for teachers as an effort to improve students' critical thinking skills.

 


Keywords


Critical thinking skills; Problem Based Learning (PBL); STEM approach

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agnezi, L. A., Khair, N., & Yolanda, S. (2019). Analysis of high school physics textbook presentation class x semester 1 related to science, technology, engineering, mathematics (STEM) components. Journal of Exact Education, 3(2).

Amto, A., Ertikanto, C., & Nyeneng, I. D. P. (2019). The influence of critical thinking skills through learning based on various learning resources on students’ physics learning outcomes. Journal of Physics Education, 7(1), 28.

Andawiyah, R. (2014). Language, Mathematics and Statistics. Okara Journal of Language and Literature, 8(2), 69–80.

Ariyatun, A., & F, O. D. (2020). The effect of integrated stem problem based learning model on students’ critical thinking ability. Journal of Educational Chemistry, 2(1), 33–39.

Asrizal, A., & Dewi, W. S. (2018). Development assistance of integrated science instructional material by integrating real world context and scientific literacy on science teachers. Exact Lamps, 1(2), 113–120.

Breiner, J. M., Harkness, S. S., Johnson, C. C., & Koehler, C. M. (2012). What is STEM? A discussion about conceptions of STEM in education and partnerships. School Science and Mathematics, 112(1), 3–11.

ByBee, R. W. (2013). The case for STEM education: Challenges and opportunity. Arlington: National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) Press.

Cantrell, P., Pekcan, G., Itani, A., & Bryant, N. V. (2006). The effects of engineering modules on student learning in middle school science classrooms. Journal of Engineering Education, 95(4), 301–309.

Corlu, C. (2014). Introducing STEM education: Implications for educating our teacher for the age of innovation. Education and Science, 39(171).

Dalem, I. D. P. A., Nyeneng, I. D. P., & Suana, W. (2017). The effect of problem based learning on learning outcomes of Newton’s law of motion. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.

Downing, K. (2010). Problem based learning and the development of metacognition. Asian Journal on Education and Learning, 1(2).

Ennis, R. H. (2011). Critical thinking: reflection and perspective part 1. assessing critical thinking about values: A Quasi-Experimental Study. ResearchGate, 26(1), 4–17.

Griffin, P., McGaw, B., & Care, E. (2012). Assessment and teaching of 21st century skills. Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills.

Igut, H. J., Ain, N., & Pratiwi, H. Y. (2019). The implementation of problem based learning model to improve student’s motivation and critical thinking. Berkala Ilmiah Pendidikan Fisika, 7(3), 177–184.

Kelley, T. R. (2016). A conceptual framework for integrated STEM Education. International Journal of STEM Education, 3(11).

Khoiriyah, N., Abdurrahman, A., & Wahyudi, I. (2018). Implementation of the STEM learning approach to improve high school students’ critical thinking skills in sound wave material. Journal of Research and Studies in Physics Education, 5(2), 53.

Lou, S. J., Chou, Y. C., Shih, R. C., & Chung, C. C. (2017). A study of creativity in CaC 2 steamship-derived STEM project-based learning. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 13(6), 2387–2404.

Pangesti, K. I., Yulianti, D., & Sugianto, S. (2017). STEM-based teaching materials (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) to improve concept mastery of high school students. Unnes Physics Education Journal, 6(3), 53–58.

Pratamawati, A. P., Prasetyo, Z. K., & Satriana, A. (2017). The effect of problem based learning (pbl) on critical thinking ability and problem solving students of MAN 1 Yogyakarta 1. Journal of Physics Education, 6(1).

Rahayuni, G. (2016). The relationship between critical thinking skills and science literacy in integrated ipa learning with pbm and stm models. Journal of Science Research and Learning, 2(2).

Rahmawati, T. (2019). Comparison of problem based learning and inquiry models. Kimiya Traditional Journal, 1, 21–32.

Sanders, M. (2009). STEM, STEM education, STEM mania. The Technology Teacher, 68(4), 20–26.

Satriani, A. (2017). Improve students’ critical thinking ability in chemistry learning by integrating the stem approach in problem based learning. In National Seminar on Science Education (pp. 207–213).

Sugiyanto, S. (2009). Innovative Learning Models. Surakarta: Mata Padi Presindo.

Toto, T. (2019). STEM-based science design in the 2013 Curriculum. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1233.

Wagner, T. (2010). Overcoming The Global Achievement Gap. Cambridge: Harvard University.

White, D. W. (2014). What is STEM Education and Why is it Important ? Florida Association of Teacher Educators Journal, 1(14).

Widayanti, W., Abdurrahman, A., & Suyatna, A. (2019). Future physics learning materials based on STEM education: Analysis of teachers and students perceptions. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1155(1).

Widha, S., Aminah, S., & Nonoh, H. S. (2015). Learning physics with a scientific approach using project and experimental methods in terms of student creativity and critical thinking ability. Journal of Inquiry, 4(4), 34–42.

Wijaya, E. Y., Sudjimat, D. A., & Nyoto, A. (2016). 21st century education transformation as demands for human resource development in the global era. In Proceedings of the National Seminar on Mathematics Education (Vol. 1, pp. 263–278).

Winarni, J., Z, S., & Supriyono, K. H. (2016). STEM: What, Why, and How. In Proceedings of the National Seminar on Postgraduate Science Education at State University of Malang.

Wulansari, D., & Madlazim, M. (2019). Application of guided inquiry learning model stem method to improve creative thinking skills in global warming material. IPF: Innovation in Physics Education, 8(3), 779–783.

Yilmaz, Y. A., Cakiroglu, J., Ertepinar, H., & Erduran, S. (2017). The pedagogy of argumentation in science education: Science teacher’s instructional practices. International Journal of Science Education, 1–22.

Yulianti, D., Wiyanto, Rusilowati, A., & Nugroho, S. E. (2020). Student worksheets based on science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) to facilitate the development of critical and creative thinking skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1567(2).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/bipf.v9i1.9319

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 119 times
PDF - 63 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


  Indexed by:

                    

The journal has been listed in:

Statistics Counter

1. From August 10, 2016 to present (broken code but the stats is still working)

 joomla
visitor View My Stats

2. From December 28, 2018 to present (updated stats)

View My Stats

 

 

Flag Counter

Berkala Ilmiah Pendidikan fisika is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License